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Civil Penalties for Defrauding Consumers Weren’t Discharged Under Section 1141(d)(6)(A)

Reversing the bankruptcy court, a district judge in New York held that a civil penalty wasn’t discharged even though the fraud wasn’t committed against the government.

Discharge Cuts Off Future Liability on a Guaranty, Some Courts Hold on a Split

The ‘conduct’ test in the Seventh Circuit, not the ‘accrual test,’ determines when a claim arose and whether it was discharged.

Claims Not Scheduled Before the Bar Date Aren’t Always Excepted from Discharge

Courts are split on whether a claim is discharged if it was scheduled after the bar date but in time to receive a distribution.

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