Transfer Occurs When Property Is Placed in Escrow or In Custodia Legis

When disbursement depends on subsequent court approval, the transfer still occurs beforehand when the deposit was made in custodia legis.

No De Novo Review of Discovery Sanctions After the Reference Is Withdrawn

An adverse inference sanction for spoliation of evidence is reviewed for abuse of discretion by the district court after withdrawal of the reference.

Bankruptcy Courts in Colorado and Minnesota Bar Bifurcated Fee Arrangements

Local rules require lawyers to prepare and fill all required chapter 7 papers regardless of whether the debtor pays the fee or agrees to pay the fee.

Split Widens on Dischargeability for Third Party’s Violation of Securities Laws

Circuits are split 2/1 on whether a debtor must have committed a securities law violation before a judgment is made nondischargeable under Section 523(a)(19).

Tribal Law Defined the Nature of a Tribe Member’s Property Interest in Gaming Revenue

Federal law allows tribes to determine whether a tribe member’s interest in distributions of gaming revenue will be estate property in bankruptcy, Judge Ridgway says.

Claims Under Section 544(b) Are Estate Property and Can Be Sold or Assigned, Judge Says

Courts are split on the status of inherited claims as estate property.

Third-Party Releases Are Permissible in Theory, Minneapolis Judge Says

Judge issues a tongue-lashing for a three-year reorganization that rewards lawyers but pays nothing so far to sexual abuse claimants.

Bankruptcy Settlement Provided No Protection from Criminal Forfeiture

Criminal forfeiture and bankruptcy protect different interests, district judge says.

Substantive Consolidation with Non-Bankrupt Religious Institutions Barred by Section 303(a)

Substantive consolidation and involuntary bankruptcy are equivalent, district judge holds.

Section 303(a) Precludes Substantive Consolidation Among Religious Institutions

Pleading hierarchical control is insufficient for substantive consolidation.